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Results of Presidential Elections

The following is a list of all national elections for President. Popular vote counts are shown when available. The Presidential winner is shown in bold; the Vice Presidential winner is shown in italics.

A separate page lists the electoral votes cast in each election.

Prior to the 1804 election, the method of electing the Vice President, as spelled out in the Constitution, was for the first runner-up to be the Vice President.

There are many sources for historical popular vote election returns. The National Archives has a site that lists the election returns for the winner and main opponent. This page, however, uses the data at the Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections as its source. The author of that site did extensive research, asking Secretaries of State from all states for official returns from all elections.

Year
NamePartyElectoral Vote (%)
1788 EV
George Washingtonnone69 (50.36)
John Adamsnone34 (24.82)
John Jaynone9 (6.57)
Robert Harrisonnone6 (4.38)
John Rutledgenone6 (4.38)
John Hancocknone4 (2.92)
George Clintonnone2 (1.46)
Samuel Huntingtonnone2 (1.46)
John Miltonnone2 (1.46)
James Armstrongnone1 (0.73)
Benjamin Lincolnnone1 (0.73)
Edward Telfairnone1 (0.73)
1792 EV
George WashingtonFederalist132 (50.00)
John AdamsFederalist77 (29.17)
George ClintonAnti-Federalist50 (18.94)
Thomas JeffersonAnti-Federalist4 (1.52)
Aaron BurrAnti-Federalist1 (0.38)
1796 EV
John AdamsFederalist71 (25.72)
Thomas JeffersonDemocratic-Republican68 (24.64)
Thomas PinckneyFederalist59 (21.38)
Aaron BurrDemocratic-Republican30 (10.87)
Samuel Adams-15 (5.43)
Oliver Ellsworth-11 (3.99)
George Clinton-7 (2.54)
John Jay-5 (1.81)
James Iredell-3 (1.09)
Samuel Johnson-2 (0.72)
George Washington-2 (0.72)
John Henry-2 (0.72)
Charles Pinckney-1 (0.36)
1800 note EV
Thomas JeffersonDemocratic-Republican73 (26.45)
Aaron BurrDemocratic-Republican73 (26.45)
John AdamsFederalist65 (23.56)
Thomas PinckneyFederalist64 (23.19)
John JayFederalist1 (0.36)

Starting with the 1804 election, the method of electing the Vice President, as spelled out in the 12th Amendment, led to separate ballots cast for the President and Vice President, with the winner in each race gaining the seat.

Percentages for popular vote only include the votes listed. In every election, some votes are cast for minor candidates. Though these numbers of votes are small compared to the total, their absence from the total could affect the true percentages by a few tenths or hundredths of a percent.

Year
PresidentVice President
Name Party PV (%) EV (%) Name Party EV (%)
1804 EV
Thomas JeffersonDemocratic-Republican-162 (92.05) George ClintonDemocratic-Republican162 (92.05)
Charles C. PinckneyFederalist-14 (7.95) Rufus KingFederalist14 (7.95)
1808 EV
James MadisonDemocratic-Republican-122 (69.32) George ClintonDemocratic-Republican113 (64.20)
Charles C. PinckneyFederalist-47 (26.70) Rufus KingFederalist47 (26.70)
George ClintonDemocratic-Republican-6 (3.41) John Langdonnone9 (5.11)
uncast--1 (0.57) James MadisonDemocratic-Republican3 (1.70)
James MonroeDemocratic-Republican3 (1.70)
uncast-1 (0.57)
1812 EV
James MadisonDemocratic-Republican-128 (58.99) Elbridge GerryDemocratic-Republican131 (60.37)
De Witt ClintonFederalist-89 (41.01) Jared IngersolFederalist86 (39.63)
1816 EV
James MonroeDemocratic-Republican-183 (84.33) Daniel TompkinsDemocratic-Republican183 (84.33)
Rufus KingFederalist-34 (15.67) John HowardFederalist22 (10.14)
James Rossnone5 (2.30)
John MarshallFederalist4 (1.84)
Robert Harpernone3 (1.38)
1820 EV
James MonroeDemocratic-Republican-231 (98.30) Daniel TompkinsDemocratic-Republican218 (92.77)
John Quincy Adamsnone-1 (0.43) Richard Stocktonnone8 (3.40)
uncast--3 (1.28) Daniel Rodneynone4 (1.70)
Richard Rushnone1 (0.43)
Robert Harpernone1 (0.43)
uncast-3 (1.28)
1824 note EV
John Quincy AdamsDemocratic-Republican113,142 (30.92)84 (32.18) John CalhounDemocratic-Republican182 (69.73)
Andrew JacksonDemocratic-Republican151,363 (41.36)99 (37.93) Nathan StanfordDemocratic-Republican30 (11.49)
William CrawfordDemocratic-Republican41,032 (11.21)41 (15.71) Nathaniel MaconDemocratic-Republican24 (9.20)
Henry ClayDemocratic-Republican47,545 (12.99)37 (14.18) Andrew JacksonDemocratic-Republican13 (4.98)
Martin Van BurenDemocratic-Republican9 (3.45)
Henry ClayDemocratic-Republican2 (0.77)
1828 EV
Andrew JacksonDemocratic642,806 (55.93)178 (68.20) John CalhounDemocratic171 (65.52)
John Quincy AdamsNational Republican501,967 (43.68)83 (31.80) Richard RushNational Republican83 (31.80)
William SmithDemocratic7 (2.68)
1832 EV
Andrew JacksonDemocratic702,735 (54.74)219 (76.04) Martin Van BurenDemocratic189 (65.63)
Henry ClayNational Republican474,107 (36.93)49 (17.01) John SergeantNational Republican49 (17.01)
John FloydIndependent Democrat-11 (3.82) Henry LeeIndependent Democrat11 (3.82)
William WirtAnitmasonic99,817 (7.78)7 (2.43) Amos EllmakerAntimasonic7 (2.43)
uncast--2 (0.69) William Wilkins-30 (1.04)
uncast-2 (0.69)
1836 note EV
Martin Van BurenDemocratic763,291 (50.79)170 (57.82) Richard JohnsonDemocratic147 (50.00)
William HarrisonWhig549,907 (36.59)73 (24.83) Francis GrangerWhig77 (26.19)
Hugh WhiteWhig146,107 (9.72)26 (8.84) John TylerWhig47 (15.99)
Daniel WebsterWhig41,201 (2.74)14 (4.76) William Smith-23 (7.82)
William MangumIndependent Democrat-11 (3.74)
1840 EV
William HarrisonWhig1,275,583 (52.87)234 (79.59) John TylerWhig234 (79.59)
Martin Van BurenDemocratic1,129,645 (46.82)60 (20.41) Richard JohnsonDemocratic48 (16.33)
L.W. Tazewell-11 (3.74)
James PolkDemocratic1 (0.34)
1844 EV
James PolkDemocratic1,339,570 (49.54)170 (61.82) George DallasDemocratic170 (61.82)
Henry ClayWhig1,300,157 (48.09)105 (38.18) Theodore FrelinghuysenWhig105 (38.18)
James BirneyLiberty62,054 (2.30)0 (0.00) Theodore FrelinghuysenLiberty0 (0.00)
1848 EV
Zachary TaylorWhig1,360,235 (47.28)163 (56.21) Millard FillmoreWhig163 (56.21)
Lewis CassDemocratic1,222,353 (42.49)127 (43.79) William ButlerDemocratic127 (43.79)
Martin Van BurenFree Soil291,475 (10.13)0 (0.00) Charles AdamsFree Soil0 (0.00)
1852 EV
Franklin PierceDemocratic1,605,943 (50.83)254 (85.81) William KingDemocratic254 (85.81)
Winfield ScottWhig1,386,418 (43.88)42 (14.19) William GrahamWhig42 (14.19)
John HaleFree Soil155,799 (4.93)0 (0.00) George JulianFree Soil0 (0.00)
1856 - 11/04/1856 note EV
James BuchananDemocratic1,835,140 (45.29)174 (58.78) John BreckenridgeDemocratic174 (58.78)
John FremontRepublican1,340,668 (33.09)114 (38.51) William DaytonRepublican114 (38.51)
Millard FillmoreAmerican872,703 (21.54)8 (2.70) A.J. DonelsonAmerican8 (2.70)
1860 - 11/06/1860 EV
Abraham LincolnRepublican1,855,993 (39.65)180 (59.41) Hannibal HamlinRepublican180 (59.41)
John BreckenridgeDemocratic851,844 (18.20)72 (23.76) Joseph LaneDemocratic72 (23.76)
John BellConstitutional Union590,946 (12.62)39 (12.87) Edward EverettConstitutional Union39 (12.87)
Stephen DouglasDemocratic1,381,944 (29.52)12 (3.96) H.V. JohnsonDemocratic12 (3.96)
1864 - 11/08/1864 EV
Abraham LincolnUnion2,211,317 (55.03)212 (90.99) Andrew JohnsonUnion212 (90.99)
George McClellanDemocratic1,806,227 (44.95)21 (9.01) G.H. PendletonDemocratic21 (9.01)
1868 - 11/03/1868 EV
Ulysses GrantRepublican3,013,790 (52.66)214 (72.79) Schuyler ColfaxRepublican214 (72.79)
Horatio SeymourDemocratic2,708,980 (47.34)80 (27.21) Francis BlairDemocratic80 (27.21)
1872 - 11/05/1872 note EV
Ulysses GrantRepublican3,597,439 (55.58)286 (81.25) Henry WilsonRepublican286 (81.25)
Horace GreeleyDemocratic, Liberal Republicans2,833,710 (43.78)0 (0.00) B. Gratz BrownDemocratic, Liberal Republicans47 (13.35)
Thomas HendricksDemocratic, Liberal Republicans-42 (11.93) George JulianDemocratic, Liberal Republicans5 (1.42)
B. Gratz BrownDemocratic, Liberal Republicans-18 (5.11) Alfred ColquittDemocratic, Liberal Republicans5 (1.42)
Charles JenkinsDemocratic, Liberal Republicans-2 (0.57) John PalmerDemocratic, Liberal Republicans3 (0.85)
David DavisDemocratic, Liberal Republicans-1 (0.28) Thomas BramletteDemocratic, Liberal Republicans3 (0.85)
uncounted--3 (0.85) William GroesbeckDemocratic, Liberal Republicans1 (0.28)
Willis MachenDemocratic, Liberal Republicans1 (0.28)
N.P. BanksDemocratic, Liberal Republicans1 (0.28)
1876 - 11/07/1876 EV
Rutherford HayesRepublican4,034,142 (47.92)185 (50.14) William WheelerRepublican185 (50.14)
Samuel TildenDemocratic4,286,808 (50.92)184 (49.86) Thomas HendricksDemocratic184 (49.86)
Peter CooperGreenback83,726 (0.99)0 (0.00) Samuel CaryGreenback0 (0.00)
1880 - 11/02/1880 EV
James GarfieldRepublican4,453,337 (48.31)214 (57.99) Chester ArthurRepublican214 (57.99)
Winfield HancockDemocratic4,444,267 (48.22)155 (42.01) William EnglishDemocratic155 (42.01)
James WeaverGreenback306,135 (3.32)0 (0.00) B.J. ChambersGreenback0 (0.00)
1884 - 11/04/1884 EV
Grover ClevelandDemocratic4,914,482 (48.85)219 (54.61) Thomas HendricksDemocratic219 (54.61)
James BlaineRepublican4,856,903 (48.28)182 (45.39) John LoganRepublican182 (45.39)
John St. JohnProhibition150,890 (1.50)0 (0.00) William DanielProhibition0 (0.00)
Benjamin ButlerGreenback134,294 (1.33)0 (0.00) A.M. WestGreenback0 (0.00)
1888 - 11/06/1888 EV
Benjamin HarrisonRepublican5,443,633 (47.80)233 (58.10) Levi MortonRepublican233 (58.10)
Grover ClevelandDemocratic5,538,163 (48.63)168 (41.90) A.G. ThurmanDemocratic168 (41.90)
Clinton FiskProhibition250,017 (2.20)0 (0.00) John BrooksProhibition0 (0.00)
Alson StreeterUnion Labor149,115 (1.31)0 (0.00) Charles CunninghamUnion Labor0 (0.00)
1892 - 11/08/1892 EV
Grover ClevelandDemocratic5,553,898 (46.02)277 (62.39) Adlai StevensonDemocratic277 (62.39)
Benjamin HarrisonRepublican5,190,799 (43.01)145 (32.66) Whitelaw ReidRepublican145 (32.66)
James WeaverPeople's1,026,595 (8.51)22 (4.95) James FieldPeople's22 (4.95)
John BidwellProhibition270,889 (2.24)0 (0.00) James CranfieldProhibition0 (0.00)
1896 - 11/03/1896 EV
William McKinleyRepublican7,112,138 (51.02)271 (60.63) Garret HobartRepublican271 (60.63)
William BryanDemocratic, People's6,510,807 (46.71)176 (39.37) Arthur SewallDemocratic149 (33.33)
Thomas WatsonPeople's27 (6.04)
John PalmerNational Democratic133,537 (0.96)0 (0.00) Simon BucknerNational Democratic0 (0.00)
Joshua LeveringProhibition124,896 (0.90)0 (0.00) Hale JohnsonProhibition0 (0.00)
1900 - 11/06/1900 EV
William McKinleyRepublican7,228,864 (51.64)292 (65.32) Theodore RooseveltRepublican292 (65.32)
William BryanDemocratic, People's6,370,932 (45.52)155 (34.68) Adlai StevensonDemocratic, People's155 (34.68)
Eugene DebsSocial Democratic87,945 (0.63)0 (0.00) Job HarrimanSocial Democratic0 (0.00)
1904 - 11/08/1904 EV
Theodore RooseveltRepublican7,630,557 (56.42)336 (70.59) Charles FairbanksRepublican336 (70.59)
Alton ParkerDemocratic5,083,880 (37.59)140 (29.41) Henry DavisDemocratic140 (29.41)
Eugene DebsSocialist402,810 (2.98)0 (0.00) Benjamin HanfordSocialist0 (0.00)
Silas SwallowProhibition259,103 (1.92)0 (0.00) George CarrollProhibition0 (0.00)
Thomas WatsonPopulist114,062 (0.84)0 (0.00) Thomas TibblesPopulist0 (0.00)
1908 - 11/03/1908 EV
William TaftRepublican7,678,335 (51.57)321 (66.46) James ShermanRepublican321 (66.46)
William BryanDemocratic6,408,979 (43.04)162 (33.54) John KernDemocratic162 (33.54)
Eugene DebsSocialist420,852 (2.83)0 (0.00) Benjamin HanfordSocialist0 (0.00)
Eugene ChafinProhibition254,087 (1.71)0 (0.00) Aaron WatkinsProhibition0 (0.00)
Thomas HisgenIndependence82,574 (0.55)0 (0.00) John GravesIndependence0 (0.00)
1912 - 11/05/1912 EV
Woodrow WilsonDemocratic6,296,284 (41.84)435 (81.92) Thomas MarshallDemocratic435 (81.92)
Theodore RooseveltProgressive4,122,721 (27.40)88 (16.57) Hiram JohnsonProgressive88 (16.57)
William TaftRepublican3,486,242 (23.17)8 (1.51) Nicholas ButlerRepublican8 (1.51)
Eugene DebsSocialist901,551 (5.99)0 (0.00) Emil SeidelSocialist0 (0.00)
Eugene ChafinProhibition208,156 (1.38)0 (0.00) Aaron WatkinsProhibition0 (0.00)
1916 - 11/07/1916 EV
Woodrow WilsonDemocratic9,126,868 (49.24)277 (52.17) Thomas MarshallDemocratic277 (52.17)
Charles HughesRepublican8,548,728 (46.12)254 (47.83) Charles FairbanksRepublican254 (47.83)
A.L. BensonSocialist590,524 (3.19)0 (0.00) G.R. KirkpatrickSocialist0 (0.00)
James HanleyProhibition221,302 (1.19)0 (0.00) Ira LandrithProhibition0 (0.00)
1920 - 11/02/1920 EV
Warren HardingRepublican16,144,093 (60.32)404 (76.08) Calvin CoolidgeRepublican404 (76.08)
James CoxDemocratic9,139,661 (34.15)127 (23.92) Franklin RooseveltDemocratic127 (23.92)
Eugene DebsSocialist913,693 (3.41)0 (0.00) Seymour StedmanSocialist0 (0.00)
Parley ChristiansenFarmer-Labor265,398 (0.99)0 (0.00) Maximilian HayesFarmer-Labor0 (0.00)
Aaron WatkinsProhibition188,787 (0.71)0 (0.00) David ColvinProhibition0 (0.00)
1924 - 11/04/1924 EV
Calvin CoolidgeRepublican15,723,789 (54.04)382 (71.94) Charles DawesRepublican382 (71.94)
John DavisDemocratic8,386,242 (28.82)136 (25.61) Charles BryanDemocratic136 (25.61)
Robert LaFolletteProgressive, Socialist4,831,706 (16.61)13 (2.45) Burton WheelerProgressive, Socialist13 (2.45)
1928 - 11/06/1928 EV
Herbert HooverRepublican21,427,123 (58.21)444 (83.62) Charles CurtisRepublican444 (83.62)
Alfred SmithDemocratic15,015,464 (40.80)87 (16.38) Joseph RobinsonDemocratic87 (16.38)
Norman ThomasSocialist267,478 (0.73)0 (0.00) James MaurerSocialist0 (0.00)
1932 - 11/08/1932 EV
Franklin RooseveltDemocratic22,821,277 (57.41)472 (88.89) John GarnerDemocratic472 (88.89)
Herbert HooverRepublican15,761,254 (39.65)59 (11.11) Charles CurtisRepublican59 (11.11)
Norman ThomasSocialist884,885 (2.23)0 (0.00) James MaurerSocialist0 (0.00)
William FosterCommunist103,307 (0.26)0 (0.00) James FordCommunist0 (0.00)
1936 - 11/03/1936 EV
Franklin RooseveltDemocratic27,752,648 (60.80)523 (98.49) John GarnerDemocratic523 (98.49)
Alfred LandonRepublican16,681,862 (36.54)8 (1.51) Frank KnoxRepublican8 (1.51)
William LemkeUnion892,378 (1.95)0 (0.00) Thomas O'BrianUnion0 (0.00)
Norman ThomasSocialist187,720 (0.42)0 (0.00) George NelsonSocialist0 (0.00)
1940 - 11/05/1940 EV
Franklin RooseveltDemocratic27,313,945 (54.74)449 (84.56) Henry WallaceDemocratic449 (84.56)
Wendell WillkieRepublican22,347,744 (44.78)82 (15.44) Charles McNaryRepublican82 (15.44)
Norman ThomasSocialist116,599 (0.23)0 (0.00) Maynard KruegerSocialist0 (0.00)
1944 - 11/07/1944 EV
Franklin RooseveltDemocratic25,612,916 (53.39)432 (81.36) Harry TrumanDemocratic432 (81.36)
Thomas DeweyRepublican22,017,929 (45.89)99 (18.64) John BrickerRepublican99 (18.64)
Norman ThomasSocialist79,017 (0.16)0 (0.00) Darlington HoopesSocialist0 (0.00)
1948 - 11/02/1948 EV
Harry TrumanDemocratic24,179,347 (49.55)303 (57.06) Alben BarkelyDemocratic303 (57.06)
Thomas DeweyRepublican21,991,292 (45.07)189 (35.60) Earl WarrenRepublican189 (35/60)
J. Strom ThurmondStates' Rights Democratic1,175,930 (2.41)39 (7.34) Fielding WrightStates' Rights Democratic39 (7.34)
Henry WallaceProgressive1,157,328 (2.37)0 (0.00) Glen TaylorProgressive0 (0.00)
Norman ThomasSocialist139,569 (0.29)0 (0.00) Darlington HoopesSocialist0 (0.00)
1952 - 11/04/1952 EV
Dwight EisenhowerRepublican34.075,529 (55.18)442 (83.24) Richard NixonRepublican442 (83.24)
Adlai StevensonDemocratic27,375,090 (44.33)89 (16.76) John SparkmanDemocratic89 (16.76)
Vincent HallinanProgressive140,746 (0.23)0 (0.00) Charlotta BassProgressive0 (0.00)
1956 - 11/06/1956 EV
Dwight EisenhowerRepublican35,579,180 (57.37)457 (86.06) Richard NixonRepublican457 (86.06)
Adlai StevensonDemocratic26,028,028 (41.97)73 (13.75) Estes KefauverDemocratic73 (13.75)
Walter JonesDemocratic-1 (0.19) Herman TalmadgeDemocratic1 (0.19)
1960 - 11/08/1960 EV
John KennedyDemocratic34,220,984 (49.72)303 (56.42) Lyndon JohnsonDemocratic303 (56.42)
Richard NixonRepublican34,108,157 (49.55)219 (40.78) Henry LodgeRepublican219 (40.78)
Harry ByrdDemocratic-15 (2.79) Strom ThurmondDemocratic14 (2.61)
Barry GoldwaterRepublican1 (0.19)
1964 - 11/03/1964 EV
Lyndon JohnsonDemocratic42,127,041 (61.05)486 (90.33) Hubert HumphreyDemocratic486 (90.33)
Barry GoldwaterRepublican27,175,754 (38.47)52 (9.67) William MillerRepublican52 (9.67)
1968 - 11/05/1968 EV
Richard NixonRepublican31,783,783 (43.42)301 (55.95) Spiro AgnewRepublican301 (55.95)
Hubert HumphreyDemocratic31,271,839 (42.72)191 (35.50) Edmund MuskieDemocratic191 (35.50)
George WallaceAmerican Independent9,901,118 (13.53)46 (8.55) Curtis LeMayAmerican Independent46 (8.55)
1972 - 11/07/1972 EV
Richard NixonRepublican47,168,710 (60.67)520 (96.65) Spiro AgnewRepublican520 (96.65)
George McGovernDemocratic29,173,222 (37.52)17 (3.16) Sargent ShriverDemocratic17 (3.16)
John HospersLibertarian-1 (0.19) Theodora NathanLibertarian1 (0.19)
John SchmitzAmerican1,100,868 (1.42)0 (0.00) Thomas AndersonAmerican0 (0.00)
1976 - 11/02/1976 EV
James CarterDemocratic40,831,881 (50.08)297 (55.20) Walter MondaleDemocratic297 (55.20)
Gerald FordRepublican39,148,634 (48.02)240 (44.61) Robert DoleRepublican241 (44.80)
Ronald ReaganRepublican-1 (0.19)
Eugene McCarthyIndependent740,460 (0.91)0 (0.00)
Roger MacBrideLibertarian172,553 (0.21)0 (0.00) David BerglandLibertarian0 (0.00)
Lester MaddoxAmerican Independent170,274 (0.21)0 (0.00) William DykeAmerican Independent0 (0.00)
1980 - 11/04/1980 EV
Ronald ReaganRepublican43,903,230 (50.75)489 (90.89) George H.W. BushRepublican489 (90.89)
James CarterDemocratic35,480,115 (41.01)49 (9.11) Walter MondaleDemocratic49 (9.11)
John AndersonIndependent5,719,850 (6.61)0 (0.00) Patrick LuceyIndependent0 (0.00)
Edward ClarkLibertarian921,128 (1.06)0 (0.00) David KochLibertarian0 (0.00)
1984 - 11/06/1984 EV
Ronald ReaganRepublican54,455,472 (58.77)525 (97.58) George H.W. BushRepublican525 (97.58)
Walter MondaleDemocratic37,577,352 (40.56)13 (2.42) Geraldine FerraroDemocratic13 (2.42)
David BerglandLibertarian228,111 (0.25)0 (0.00) James LewisLibertarian0 (0.00)
1988 - 11/08/1988 EV
George H.W. BushRepublican48,886,597 (53.37)426 (79.18) Danforth QuayleRepublican426 (79.18)
Michael DukakisDemocratic41,809,476 (45.65)111 (20.63) Lloyd BentsenDemocratic111 (20.63)
Lloyd BentsenDemocratic-1 (0.19) Michael DukakisDemocratic1 (0.19)
Ron PaulLibertarian228,111 (0.25)0 (0.00) Andre MarrouLibertarian0 (0.00)
1992 - 11/03/1992 EV
William ClintonDemocratic44,909,806 (43.01)370 (68.77) Albert GoreDemocratic370 (68.77)
George H.W. BushRepublican39,104,550 (37.45)168 (31.23) Danforth QuayleRepublican168 (31.23)
H Ross PerotIndependent19,743,821 (18.91)0 (0.00) James StockdaleIndependent0 (0.00)
Andre MarrouLibertarian290,087 (0.28)0 (0.00) Nancy LordLibertarian0 (0.00)
1996 - 11/05/1996 EV
William ClintonDemocratic47,400,125 (49.23)379 (70.45) Albert GoreDemocratic379 (70.45)
Robert DoleRepublican39,198,755 (40.72)159 (29.55) Jack KempRepublican159 (29.45)
H Ross PerotReform8,085,402 (8.40)0 (0.00) Pat ChoateReform0 (0.00)
Ralph NaderGreen685,297 (0.71)0 (0.00) Winona LaDukeGreen0 (0.00)
Harry BrowneLibertarian485,798 (0.50)0 (0.00) Jo JorgensenLibertarian0 (0.00)
2000 - 11/07/2000 note EV
George W. BushRepublican50,460,110 (47.87)271 (50.37) Richard CheneyRepublican271 (50.37)
Albert GoreDemocratic51,003,926 (48.38)266 (49.44) Joseph LiebermanDemocratic266 (49.44)
Ralph NaderGreen2,883,105 (2.73)0 (0.00) Winona LaDukeGreen0 (0.00)
Patrick BuchananReform449,225 (0.43)0 (0.00) Ezola FosterReform0 (0.00)
Harry BrowneLibertarian384,516 (0.36)0 (0.00) Art OliverLibertarian0 (0.00)
2004 - 11/02/2004 EV
George W. BushRepublican62,040,610 (50.73)286 (53.16) Richard CheneyRepublican286 (53.16)
John KerryDemocratic59,028,439 (48.27)251 (46.65) John EdwardsDemocratic252 (46.84)
Ralph NaderIndependent463,655 (0.38)0 (0.00) Peter CamejoIndependent0 (0.00)
Michael BadnarikLibertarian397,265 (0.32)0 (0.00) Richard CampagnaLibertarian0 (0.00)
John EdwardsDemocratic-1 (0.19)
2008 - 11/04/2008 EV
Barack ObamaDemocratic69,438,983 (52.87)365 (67.84) Joe BidenDemocratic365 (67.84)
John McCainRepublican59,930,551 (45.63)173 (32.16) Sarah PalinRepublican173 (32.16)
Ralph NaderIndependent738,443 (0.56)0 (0.00) Matt GonzalesIndependent0 (0.00)
Bob BarrLibertarian523,486 (0.40)0 (0.00) Wayne Allyn RootLibertarian0 (0.00)

1800
Thomas Jefferson was elected President by the House after every candidate failed to get a majority of the Electoral Vote.

1824
John Quincy Adams was elected President by the House after every candidate failed to get a majority of the Electoral Vote.

1836
Richard Johnson was elected Vice President by the Senate after every candidate failed to get a majority of the Electoral Votes.

1856
In 1854, Congress established Election Day as the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November; 1856 was the first time all presidential elections happened on the same day by law. Prior to this, states could select their electors any time in the month prior to Electoral College Day in December.

1872
Democratic/Liberal Republican Presidential Candidate Horace Greeley died after the election and before the electors voted. His votes were scattered among others in the Democratic/Liberal Republican coalition, including to Vice Presidential candidate B. Gratz Brown.

2000
The election of 2000 was the most contested of the modern age. Please see our full coverage for details.


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