Constitutional FAQ Answer #55
Q55. "I read that New Hampshire became the 9th state to adopt an approval resolution on June 21, 1788 but that the Constitution was not ratified until two years later. Why? And, what was the specific date upon which the Constitution was ratified and by what act what that accomplished?
A. The following is from The National Archives Web site:
So, these dates are important: The Constitution was accepted by the Convention on September 17, 1787. It was officially ratified when New Hampshire ratified it on June 21, 1788. The first Congress under the Constitution popped into being on the 4th of March, 1789, and had its first quorum on April 6, 1789. The Executive was active on April 30, 1789. The Judiciary was active on February 2, 1790. Perhaps the years between June 21, 1788 and February 2, 1790 is what they mean by two years? If they said that the Constitution was "ratified" in 1790, that is definitely incorrect.